What Hidden Wonders Lie Underground at Cumberland Caverns?

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Cumberland Caverns

Photography by Jeff Adkins/Tennessee Home & Farm

Discovered in 1810 by land surveyor Aaron Higgenbotham, Cumberland Caverns in Warren County harbors rich American history and wonders of a hidden world.

As America’s second-largest cave, Cumberland Caverns boasts sparkling gypsum-covered formations, a never-ending waterfall and stone chess pieces millions of years in the making. Open seven days a week from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Cumberland Caverns offers 32 miles of stalactites, stalagmites, soda straws and more – 333 feet below the earth’s surface.

“Formations not found in any other cave in the world greet you with an invitation to explore further,” says Kelly Roberts, marketing director for Cumberland Caverns. “You cannot imagine the beauty hidden just beneath your feet.”

Cumberland Caverns

Photography by Jeff Adkins/Tennessee Home & Farm

McMinnville’s Secret Underground

After its 1810 discovery, the caverns were used for saltpeter mining to make gunpowder for both the War of 1812 and the Civil War. Eventually, Cumberland Caverns opened its doors to the public on Independence Day in 1956. That first tourism year experienced about 500 visitors, a number that has grown steadily and significantly over the years – 2016 saw over 50,000 adventure seekers.

SEE ALSO: 7 Tennessee Caves to Explore

Throughout its history, Cumberland Caverns has been used as a location for social gatherings for people in Warren County.

“People would come to the cave for ‘hay wagon parties’ and venture deep inside to enjoy dancing, music and the company of their friends and family,” Roberts says. And it still does to this day – last year Cumberland Caverns welcomed tourists from all 50 U.S. states and 19 countries.

“These people stay, eat and shop in the nearby town of McMinnville, making it a great partner in tourism to have,” Roberts says.

And outdoor enthusiasts, take note: The caverns join nearby waterfall-laden state parks Rock Island and Fall Creek Falls on the Pie in the Sky Trail, part of the Discover Tennessee Trails & Byways program.

“Our connection with the past is still visible through the hundreds of descendants of Aaron Higgenbotham who live and work in our immediate area,” Roberts says. “We are blessed continually with relatives throughout the year who want to come and experience what their late ancestor discovered so long ago.”

Cumberland Caverns

Photography by Jeff Adkins/Tennessee Home & Farm

Beneath the Surface at Cumberland Caverns

Listed among some of the most prestigious top 10 lists in the world, Cumberland Caverns allows summer vacationers to beat the heat with the 32 miles of 100 percent naturally air-conditioned adventures.

If You Go...

Location: 1437 Cumberland Caverns Road, McMinnville, TN 37110
Hours: Open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Phone: (931) 668-4396
Website: cumberlandcaverns.com
Please call ahead before driving long distances. 

According to Roberts, the caverns maintain a temperature of 56 degrees year round, creating ideal conditions for hiking, camping or catching a concert, especially during warm months when these outdoor activities would normally be uncomfortably hot.

Cumberland Caverns offers four adventure tours for spelunking – an extreme form of hiking in deep, challenging areas of the cave that requires safety gear – which vary by experience. Regular walking tours, with running water and electricity available, are offered to the public daily. Additionally, visitors can camp in the cave’s 10-acre room located 333 feet underground.

“While taking an adventure tour to remote parts of the cavern, you will witness rarities such as angel hair, gypsum flowers and spectacular formations not seen anywhere else,” Roberts says.

Cumberland Caverns

Photo courtesy of Bluegrass Underground and Michael Weintrob

Cumberland Caverns Live

In addition to its natural scenery, the formations of Cumberland Caverns serve as a serene backdrop for its music venue, the Volcano Room. Best known as former host to the award-winning PBS concert series Bluegrass Underground, the Volcano Room is considered one of the top live music venues in the world because of its “near-perfect” acoustics, Roberts says.

The Volcano Room has seen a rich diversity of talent in the past: Vince Gill, Kenny Loggins, The SteelDrivers, Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Old Crow Medicine Show, Widespread Panic and Mac McAnally, to name a few. Its new series is called Cumberland Caverns Live – check the website to purchase tickets for upcoming shows.

Cumberland Caverns

Photography by Jeff Adkins/Tennessee Home & Farm

Between the concerts and spelunking among rare formations, there’s something to admire at every turn – just beneath the surface.

“Did we mention the spectacular, priceless, antique 8-by-15-foot crystal chandelier from the Loew’s Metropolitan Theatre in New York we have hanging in our Volcano Room?” Roberts asks. “You for sure won’t see one of those hanging in any other cave.”



  1. Raylene scott

    May 21, 2020 at 12:04 am

    What is origin of chandelier…where was it made? Is more info available please? Thank you!

    • Diane

      June 8, 2020 at 10:27 pm

      The chandelier was placed in the cave in 1981. It came from Lowe’s Metropolitan Theater in Brooklyn, New York. It had to be deep cleaned and basically redone before it was placed in the Volcano Room at Cumberland Caverns. Haven’t verified it yet, but an antique theater pipe organ from the Lowe’s Richmond Theater in Richmond, Virginia is also supposed to be in the concert hall (Volcano Room).

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